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“I urge you all to use LED bulbs, save money, save energy and take part in helping our nation.”     - Shri Narendra Modi, Hon’ble Prime Minister

On 5th January 2015, Hon’ble Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi launched the National Programme for Energy Efficient Appliances. This opened doors for boosting the entire market and worked in tandem with the larger aim of cutting emissions significantly.

With technology ushering future-ready solutions, India stands at a precipice where several regions still have minimal access to electricity, the demand for which is witnessing an uptick. The downside though, remains that emissions also rise simultaneously with the demand. In this market scenario, we need simple, affordable and scalable solutions that help customers save more, while cutting down energy needs and emissions. EESL was formed predominantly to address these issues of increasing the adoption for energy efficient products across public, private and residential facilities nationally

With a target to distribute 770 million LEDs by March 2019 across 100 cities, the Unnat Jyoti by Affordable LEDs for All (UJALA) was launched in 2015 to become the largest LED distribution program in the world. The program aims to rectify India’s high cost of electrification and the increased emissions from inefficient lighting, amidst the backdrop of electricity demand witnessing a 5-fold increase over the coming years.

Under the scheme, we also distribute 20W LED tube lights and BEE 5-star rated energy efficient fans to the consumers. We are distributing 20W LED tube lights that are 50% more energy efficient than conventional 40W tube lights and are available for Rs. 220/- per tube, as against the market price of Rs. 400-600. We have also revolutionized the fan market in India by providing energy efficient fans under the UJALA scheme that come with a BEE 5 Star rating. These ceiling fans are rated 30% more energy efficient than conventional fans and are priced at Rs. 1200/- per fan.

UJALA LED bulbs: Achievements so far


270 million
No of LED bulbs distributed

35,043 mn KWh
Estimated annual energy savings

7,015 MW
Estimated reduction of peak load

INR 14,017 Cr ($ 2.15 bn)
Estimated cost reduction of bills of consumers

28 million tonnes of CO2
Estimated annual estimated greenhouse gas emission reductions
Overall Target


770 million
No of LED lights to be replaced in 3 years

105 bn KWh
Expected annual energy savings

20,000 MW
Expected reduction of peak load

Rs. 8,000 crore ($ 1.2 bn)
Estimated capital investment (excluding O&M)

79 mn tonnes of CO2
Annual estimated greenhouse gas emission reductions
UJALA LED Tube lights: Achievements so far


3.7 million
No. of LED tube lights distributed

162 mn KWh
Estimated annual energy savings

74.32 MW
Estimated reduction of peak load

INR 55 Cr ($ 8 million)
Estimated cost reduction of bills of consumers

133,471 tonnes of CO2
Estimated annual estimated greenhouse gas emission reductions
UJALA BEE 5 star rated energy efficient fans


1.3 million
No. of BEE 5 star rated energy efficient fans distributed

162 mn KWh
Estimated annual energy savings

74.32 MW
Estimated reduction of peak load

INR 52 Cr ($ 8 million)
Estimated cost reduction of bills of consumers

126,368 tonnes of CO2
Estimated annual estimated greenhouse gas emission reductions
  • Economic and industry benefits
  • The International Energy Agency recently prepared a case study on the UJALA LED bulb scheme, which highlighted the social and economic benefits of the scheme. These are:
  • India’s share in the global LED market has increased from 0.1% to 12%
  • UJALA is cheaper than electricity. EESL’s investment in UJALA is approximately 2.3 INR per kWh in energy savings while in comparison, the cost of electricity generation from a coal power plant in India is about 5.2 INR per kWh of energy generated
  • Penetration of LEDs across India increased from 0.4% to 10% in the domestic market
  • India has undertaken an investment of about 455 million USD in 2016’s LED industry)
  • The process of executing UJALA created 60,000 new jobs
  • The program has created 12 million USD of additional tax revenue, which is expected to increase to 158 million USD
  • There has been a 4-fold increase in India’s LED domestic manufacturing capacity
  • India is now the 2nd largest LED market in the world, with annual revenues worth 21.4 billion INR, which are expected to grow further (Frost & Sullivan)
  • The annual domestic production increased from approximately 3 million LED bulbs (2013) to 62 million in 2015 (Elcoma).
  • From only a share of 0.1% of the annual residential lighting market in India (In 2014), the share of LEDs has jumped to a remarkable 15% and is forecast to reach 25% in 2016 (Elcoma).
Improving Quality of Life

UJALA is reducing annual household electricity bills by about 15%, saving consumers over 16 billion INR every year – equivalent to the gross domestic product (GDP) of Mumbai. Households can now use the money saved to improve their quality of life, enhancing wider economic growth and prosperity.

Impact on state government

India’s state utilities can now tackle the relative growth of electricity demand, enabling existing capacities to meet a greater number of households and businesses and, potentially, reducing the chance of blackouts. The state governments are now interested in establishing their own energy efficiency replacement programmes to deliver these benefits to more people.

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